The Philippine revolution, the first against Western colonial rule in Asia, targeted Spain, which had colonized the Philippines since 1565. The revolution against Spain had two phases: the first since the proclamation of defiance against Spanish rule on 23 August 1896 until the conclusion of a ceasefire in December 1897; the second, the return to the outbreak of the Philippo-American War in February 1899. On 22 March 1897, another meeting was held in Tejeros. He called for the election of officers for the revolutionary government that needed unified military forces, as there was an imminent Spanish offensive against the Magdalo group. The Magdiwang group allied itself with Bonifacio and prepared and organized the elections, with most of the Magdalo faction occupied by the preparations for the slaughter. Bonifacio led the elections and said the election results should be respected. By the time the vote ended, Bonifacio had lost and the leader handed himself to Aguinaldo, who fought in Pasong Santol. Bonifacio also lost other positions on behalf of members of his Magdiwang group. Instead, he was elected director of the Ministry of the Interior, but his qualifications were challenged by a Magdalo, Daniel Tirona. Bonifacio felt insulted and would have shot Tirona if Artemio Ricarte had not intervened. Referring to his position as Katipunan supremo, Bonifacio cancelled the election and succeeded the anger.
 Aguinaldo took the presidential oath the next day at Santa Cruz de Malabon (now Tanza) in Cavite, as did the rest of the officers, with the exception of Bonifacio.  The revolution brought down the name Rizal. He has been accused of being associated with the secret militant society. Accused of sedition, conspiracy and rebellion, Rizal was sentenced to death by firing squad. The Philippine Revolution (1896-1898), the struggle for the independence of the Philippines which, after more than 300 years of Spanish colonial rule, revealed the weakness of the Spanish government, but failed to drive the Spaniards from the islands. The Spanish-American War ended Spanish rule in the Philippines in 1898, but sparked the Philippine-American War, a bloody war between the Philippine revolutionaries and the U.S. military. The main influx of revolutionary ideas emerged in the early 19th century, when the Philippines was open to world trade. In 1809, the first English companies were established in Manila, followed in 1834 by a royal decree that officially opened the city to world trade. The Philippines has been governed since 1565 by Mexico with colonial administration costs borne by subsidies from the trade of galleons.
In 1815, increased competition with foreign traders ended the trade in galleons. After the recognition of Mexico`s independence in 1821, Spain was forced to govern the Philippines directly from Madrid and find new sources of income to pay for the colonial administration.  At that time, the ideas of the post-French revolution entered the country through literature, which led to the rise of an enlightened class of princes in society. Hostilities in the region began on the evening of 29 August, when hundreds of rebels attacked the Guardia Civil garrison in Pasig, just as hundreds of other rebels, personally led by Bonifacio, gathered in San Juan del Monte, which they had attacked on 30 around 4 a.m. .m. :368 Bonifacio planned to conquer the San Juan del Monte powder store:368 with a water station that supplied Manila. The Spaniards, in sub-numbers, fought a delaying fight until reinforcements arrived. Once reinforced, the Spaniards pushed back Bonifacio`s troops with heavy casualties. Elsewhere, the rebels attacked Mandaluyong, Sampaloc, Sta. Ana, Pandacan, Pateros, Marikina and Caloocan as well as Makati and Taguig.
 Balintawak in Caloocan witnessed heavy fighting.