Ny Agreement

Some members of the quasi-legislative Council of New Guinea, established under the Netherlands, were disappointed that the Netherlands had signed the agreement without consultation with the Council. Nevertheless, the Council decided to support the agreement and to cooperate with the United Nations and Indonesian authorities to maintain peace and order. A small minority of Council members, including Nicolaas Jouwe, refused to support the agreement and went into exile in the Netherlands. [6] The United Nations mandate ended on May 1, 1963, as stipulated in the New York Agreement. [11] However, at the 1949 Dutch-Indonesian roundtable, both Indonesia and the Netherlands failed to agree on the status of New Guinea, with the Netherlands arguing that Western New Guinea should remain in place for the eventual self-determination of indigenous peoples as soon as these residents have been sufficiently “ripe”. [4] The resulting agreement was unclear on New Guinea`s final status, although the Dutch Workers` Party rejected an amendment that would explicitly exclude New Guinea from Indonesian independence. [3] Beginning in 1951, the Indonesian government interpreted the results of the Round Table Conference to restore sovereignty over all former Dutch East Indies, including New Guinea. [4] During negotiations with the Indonesians, the Netherlands stated that it could relinquish sovereignty over Dutch New Guinea because the conservative parties of the Dutch parliament, deeply humiliated by Indonesia`s independence and wishing to retain a colonial stronghold in the region, would not vote to ratify such an agreement. [3] When the Indonesian government withdrew from the Dutch-Indonesian Union, frustrated by the slow pace of talks on New Guinea, the Netherlands felt free of any obligation to continue negotiations on the issue. [4] Indonesia, supported by all African and Asian nations except nationalist China, attempted to pass a UN General Assembly resolution calling on the Netherlands to negotiate with it the status of Western New Guinea.